Robert van Gulik (1967:33) concludes that until about the 14th century, yuan designated the gibbon, but due to extensive deforestation, its habitat shrank to remote southern mountains; from then on, "the majority of Chinese writers knowing about the gibbon only by hearsay, they began to confuse him with the macaque or other Cynopithecoids." There are long-standing scholarly disagreements over whether Sun Wukong evolved from Hanuman, the monkey hero in the (3rd century BCE) Ramayana. Unless otherwise noted, translations are by Carr (1993:159-161). During the Heian period (794-1185 CE), the Chinese "mind-monkey" and "idea-horse" were paraphrased as i'en 意猿 "idea-monkey" and shinba 心馬 "mind-horse". Such an amazing visual and way of understanding things. His Shuixuanshi 睡軒詩 "Sleeping Porch Poem" says: "Haste is useless with the idea-horse and mind-monkey, so take off your baggage someplace deep within dreamland. Turns out I’ve been working on taming my Monkey Mind with meditation & working out emotions for some years. ", During the early Edo period (1603–1868), the four-character Chinese collocations yimashinen 意馬心猿 and shinenyima 心猿意馬 were introduced into Japanese. "'Mind-Monkey' Metaphors in Chinese and Japanese Dictionaries,", Chang, Ching-erh. Indeed, all wonderful horses, such as the steed of the pious Hsüan-tsang which, in later legend [see the Xiyouji below], carried the sacred scriptures from India, were avatars of dragons, and in antiquity the tallest horses owned by the Chinese were called simply "dragons." For instance, the first act described two prisoners tied to a tree: "They are the idea-horse and mind-monkey themselves. Have a great day. "Suen Wu-kung = Hanumat? But all symbols have positive elements as well as negative. We all have plans, dreams and goals we are working towards. Mind is a monkey – this, the truth profound. Other examples of book titles include Samba and the Monkey Mind (Williams 1965), Meeting the Monkey Halfway (Sumano and Popp 2000), Your Monkey Mind Connection (Antoinette 2007), and Still the Monkey (Alivia 2007). Carr (1993:169) suggests the subsequent line about xiang ma 象馬 "elephants and horses" having unruly natures could have affected the later yima "idea-horse" term. "Mind-monkey" 心猿 is an exemplary animal metaphor. Buddhism: How to Tame your Monkey Mind Buddha described the human mind as being filled with drunken monkeys, jumping around, screeching, chattering, carrying on endlessly. Abhey idea-horse"] "distracted; indecisive; restless" is comparable with some other Chinese collocations. By sitting simply, being present, following our breath, and labeling our thoughts, we entice the monkey to come down from the trees and rest. All 9 Japanese–English dictionaries mention "passion" or "passions." This section summarizes Chinese and Japanese developments of xinyuan or shin'en 心猿 "mind-monkey" and yima or iba 意馬 "idea-horse" collocations and their synonyms. So if this pine tree is the pole of Absolute Reality, then these two prisoners are a greedy monkey – no, a cat – and a horse running wild; and they are just like the idea-horse and mind-monkey.". Also, send me the Buddhist Newsletter and special offers. The 797 CE Sangō Shiiki 三教指帰 "Indications of the Three teachings (Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism)" was written by Kūkai, who founded esoteric Shingon Buddhism. In Chinese Buddhism and Japanese Buddhism, xin/shin 心 "heart; mind" generally translates Sanskrit citta "the mind; state of mind; consciousness" and yi/i 意 translates Sanskrit manas "the mental organ; deliberation". Glad to know I was on the right track. In English-language publishing, fewer books are titled with "mind monkey", such as Master the Mind Monkey (Patkar 2007), than "monkey mind". After all, sitting quietly and not thinking is hard for us to do at first. The Great Sage [Buddha], Equal to Heaven, is no idle thought. This woman finds a seat in meditation and calms the restlessness of the monkey mind, becoming aware and balanced in the present moment. Qigong is a Chinese holistic wellness practice that has many devoted followers across its traditional … The "Monkey King" Sun Wukong in the Journey to the West personifies the monkey mind. "Mind monkey" reflects the word order in the Chinese and Japanese (心猿, 意猿, and 情猿) and specifically refers to this Buddhist metaphor. You have another BIG day tomorrow!” Is it any surprise that cases of depression, anxiety and stress disorders are on the rise? Fight Loneliness by Listening To The Intimacy Connecting You With Others. The problem is, you cannot fight the Monkey or castigate it into submission. Six of these 11 Chinese–English dictionaries enter only the common xinyuanyima "mind-monkey idea-horse," 2 only the reverse yimaxinyuan, and 3 enter both. The preeminent translator Anthony C. Yu (1977:59) describes controlling the mind-monkey and will-horse as "a theme central to the entire narrative and which receives repeated and varied developments." Because of our innate capacity for thinking, it is easy for the Monkey Mind to feed on stimuli. Right before the pandemic, I visited a Buddhist temple near my place to join a meditation class, where a very kind monk introduced us to a concept: the monkey mind. Japanese Buddhist monks not only imported Sino-Japanese vocabulary such as shin'en < xinyuan 心猿 "mind-monkey" and iba < yima 意馬 "idea-horse", but also invented analogous Japanese words like i'en 意猿 "idea-monkey" and shinba 心馬 "mind-horse". Here Chod meditators play the Chod double-headed drum and chant. He said, “Just as a monkey swinging through the trees grabs one branch and lets it go to seize another, so too, that which is called thought, mind or consciousness arises and disappears continually both day and night.” Later in history, its meaning as a scapegoat became increasingly dominant.". Surprisingly, when monkey mind is tamed, focused, and quiet, it has great energy and power. This voice inside of our head that is always speaking to us, and guiding our future can only be silenced through meditation. Note how several of these dictionaries have identical translations. This second list (expanded from Carr 1993:179, Table 7 Japanese-English Translation Equivalents) compares how 9 bilingual Japanese dictionaries translate ibashin'en 意馬心猿, none enters shin'en'iba 心猿意馬. The Mengyu chanhui shi 蒙預懺悔詩 "Poem Repenting Foolish Pleasure" is attributed to Emperor Jianwen of Liang (503-550 CE), who was a renowned author. There is a Buddhist concept called "monkey mind". Many of the debates between ancient Indian philosophers were concerned with separating the eternal and universal from the temporary and particular. Irrational fears perhaps, but made real by our own constant attention. Rosenthal (1989:361) says a proverb's success "'depends on certain imponderables," particularly rhythm and phrasing. (Skt. Often the monkey mind is jumping all over the place, grasping for this or that, lost in thoughts about the future and past. I logged on to find out about the monkey mind. Silencing our Monkey Mind should be the goal for all of us. Personally, I enjoy meditation too much to replace it entirely, but when I am working or writing, Theta and Alpha binaural beats music seems to induce a heightened degree of presence and awareness, and a correspondingly quiescent Monkey Mind. Of course, a concentrative meditation can be incredibly beneficial in working with … It introduced "mind-monkey" in the simile xin ru yuanhou 心如猨猴 "heart/mind like a monkey/ape" (with yuan 猿's variant Chinese character 猨). Seemed to be putting the Monkeys of the mind into the context of Child Rearing. For instance, there are blogs named "Mind Monkey! Compare these Digital Dictionary of Buddhism glosses. "chicken heart"] "heart-shaped; cordate". With the noise of this monkey going on, it becomes near on impossible to be present and focused on the moment we are in. The Bencao Gangmu (tr. Mind monkey and monkey mind both occur in English usage, originally as translations of xinyuan or shin'en and later as culturally-independent images. His Zengti Du yinju 贈題杜隱居 "Poem Written for Sir Du the Recluse" says: "Nature exhausts the mind-monkey's hiding, spirit disperses the idea-horse's moving/stopping. "Monkey-mind" occurs in two reversible four-character idioms with yima or iba 意馬 [lit. The first step to living amiably with your Monkey Mind is becoming aware that it exists, that it is part of you but doesn’t define you and doesn’t need to result in suffering every time it swings through your forest. One used i'en 意猿 "idea/will monkey" with the common word nouma 野馬 "wild horse": "The four great difficulties overexcite the wild horse's fast gallop, the twenty-six contributory causes mislead the plans of the idea-monkey." Count from one to ten and then from ten to one hundred breaths with the heart (mind) following the counting to prevent it from wandering outside. A revered myth proclaimed him a relative of the dragon, akin to the mysterious powers of water. The 1075 CE Wuzhen pian, which is a Daoist classic on Neidan-style internal alchemy, used xinyuan "mind-monkey" without "horse". In the present day, houquan 猴拳 ["monkey fist/boxing"] "Monkey Kung Fu" is a Chinese martial arts style and xinyuanyima "mind-monkey will-horse" is a Daoist breath meditation technique. All things return to Nirvāna, taking this one course: In union with Tathāgata [Buddha] to live beneath twin trees. How infuriating and exhausting it becomes. Learn how and when to remove this template message, A Syllabic Dictionary of the Chinese Language, Lin Yutang's Chinese-English Dictionary of Modern Usage, Kenkyūsha's New Japanese–English Dictionary, "孙悟空节 Festival of the Monkey King – Purple Cloud", Go ahead, lose your mind – 'monkey mind' that is, Basic points unifying Theravāda and Mahāyāna, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monkey_mind&oldid=983617366, Articles that may contain original research from April 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with Japanese-language sources (ja), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "will/intention horse … heart/mind monkey", "heart/mind boat" … "will/intention horse". Come ought to know i was indolent with happiness and enjoyed lust, was pleased rewards! 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