Raccoons sneak their way into garages to rummage through garbage bins. Kittens are generally vaccinated once around 4 months of age or within their first year of life. Since the 1989 law there was one cat with rabies contracted from the bite of a bat. The specific shots your kitten should have will depend on where you live, whether your cat will roam the neighborhood or stay inside, and whether you have other cats co-ruling your home. The most frequent question we get from owners is: Question: “My cat is indoors only. This includes vaccines, wellness exams, blood work, heartworm testing, spays and neuters, dental services, and more! Primary vaccination is essential in order to prevent the return of the once common deadly infectious diseases in kittens and cats. Pet Health 101 Pet owner handbooks. Be sure to check with your local authorities for … Unfortunately, it's a common misconception that indoor cats don't need to be vaccinated because they won't encounter other cats or disease-carrying animals. Vaccines contain viruses or bacteria that have been modified so they can’t cause disease. Trips to the vet clinic can be stressful for your cat and even the most well-mannered cats can become frightened. Pets mostly contract Rabies from coming into contact with the saliva, bodily fluids or tissues of an infected animal. Rabies is still very much present in the wildlife population in Ontario today; bats are the main vector species in this province, but there has recently been a return of cases of rabies in raccoons in southern Ontario as well. For many years, Canadian dog owners have been expected to get their pets a regular Rabies vaccination. However, that’s not the reason for a Rabies vaccination. Rabies is fatal in animals and if not treated immediately, it is also fatal in humans as well. For some cats, when they are nervous, their first response can be to bite or scratch. Bats might make their way into rafters and then eventually all the way indoors. Rabies inoculation of companion animals; availability of certificate; rabies clinics. Only a few of them might be due for vaccinations. In fact, rabies vaccinations are required by law in all felines. They are willing to discuss the risks to your individual cat, and you both can make the best decision. The most common cause of Rabies in cats is because a bat got into the house. Not specified, but "rabies vaccination of dogs, cats, and ferrets is required in accordance with schedules in the Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control, 2011 . Dr. Kadri explains: Rabies is an infectious disease caused by a virus that reproduces in the brain and causes damage that produces violent and irrational behaviour. It’s possible for doors to get left open long enough for a curious cat to sneak out. Cat vaccinations can get confusing. It’s not only an almost certain death sentence for your pet, but you or members of your family could possibly develop the illness too. Here is a helpful Article that not only discusses the rabies vaccine for indoor cats but also legal requirements and mandatory regulations: Do Indoor-only Cats Need Rabies Shots? Do Cats Need Vaccinations to Go Outside? This is the only way to keep your cat safe. So from the sounds of it, it’s not that easy or common for Canadian domestic cats and dogs to catch Rabies. They may only be out for a few hours or a couple days but during that time there is a risk that they may be exposed to an animal with rabies. Under the Ontario Health Protection and Promotion Act, Regulation 567, pet owners throughout Ontario are legally required to keep dogs, cats and ferrets over three months old vaccinated for rabies. If you are scratched or bitten by a bat, immediately clean the wound. Monday to Friday 9:00 am – 5:00 pmSaturday & Sunday: Closed. How do vaccinations work? Kittens are generally vaccinated once around 4 months of age or within their first year of life. There can be no disputing that vaccines save lives but they also have the potential to cause serious side effects which will be discussed on this webpage.Before we get started on this discussion, it is important to understand that there is no single vaccine protocol t… Visit our Must Know New Pet Owner Information page for useful resources and helpful recommendations for new pet owners. However, that’s not the reason for a Rabies vaccination. The AAFP also recommends giving kittens the Leukemia vaccine, because at that young age, we still don’t know if they will be the type to charge out the door or not. In the case of a rabies vaccine, here in Ontario Canada, every dog and cat has to be current on its rabies vaccination status. Kitties need several immunizations during their first year to protect them against serious diseases. Every pet should be vaccinated — even indoor dogs and cats can be exposed to a rabid bat. Of course, the kitten needs to be kept indoors at all times until they are properly vaccinated but preferably for the rest of their life since the death rate for outdoor cats is significantly higher than it is for indoor cats. But how much of a risk does Rabies really present to your pet, and does the Rabies vaccine offer adequate protection? In fact, rabies vaccinations are required by law in all felines. Cats increase the risk by playing with bats and taking them into homes. To ensure you have adequate supplies for the holiday season. We’d love to meet them! Throughout Canada, there are many more positive cases that involve dogs, cows, and arctic foxes. Recent research indicates that not all vaccines require yearly boosters. A common misconception is that indoor cats are not required to maintain updated vaccines as they do not have exposure to the outdoors or other animals. A lot. Risk Assessment. Do indoor cats need shots? However, there is no evidence that annual booster vaccination is anything but beneficial to the majority of cats. My question was more about what cats need IN ADDITION TO rabies, if anything. Most important shots all indoor cats really need Rabies: I don’t know about you, but rabies scares me. That is why we recommend that even indoor cats are vaccinated. If your cat is truly 100% indoors, and does not have contact with indoor-outdoor cats, the current recommendation is to continue to receive boosters for panleukopenia, feline herpes type 1, calicivirus every 3 years, as these diseases do not require direct cat-to-cat contact to spread. The trend is changing to three-yearly vaccination instead. Are vaccinations really necessary? All cats, even indoor cats, should receive the rabies vaccination and booster to avoid the various unwanted risks and consequences associated with skipping the vaccine. Rabies vaccine. Rabies is still a very real issue here in Canada. It’s difficult for pet parents to understand their cat’s vaccination schedule—from which ones they need to how often they need … We suggest talking to your vet to get the rabies shots done every 3 years or alternatively having titer tests. Cat rabies vaccines are available as 1-year vaccines and 3-year vaccines. Vaccines are an important part of keeping your cat healthy. 1. The shots come in a series every 3 to 4 weeks. Primary vaccination is essential in order to prevent the return of the once common deadly infectious diseases in kittens and cats. Compared to the rabies vaccination cost, the titer cost is twice the amount. Your indoor cat should still be making annual trips to their veterinarian to have a physical examination done with their vaccines. Sign up to receive our free email newsletter, packed full of news, advice, special offers and discounts. The Herman family cats had rabies shots as kittens, but their owners skipped the boosters that came due last year. Based on these changes, below are some important updates to our operating policies. Wild animals such as raccoons, skunks, foxes and bats and meat-eating animals including wolves and coyotes. Vaccinations are important to prevent serious illness in cats. Check with your cat’s veterinary office to see exactly which of your cats are due for vaccinations, and see if you need vaccines for indoor cats. Recent research indicates that not all vaccines require yearly boosters. How Often Does Your Dog or Cat Need a Rabies Vaccination? Cat rabies vaccines are available as 1-year vaccines and 3-year vaccines. Only a few of them might be due for vaccinations. . So from the sounds of it, it’s not that easy or common for Canadian domestic cats and dogs to catch Rabies. 7 AAC 27.022 (by regulation) Not specified, but "rabies vaccination of dogs, cats, and ferrets is required in accordance with schedules in the Compendium of Animal Rabies Prevention and Control, 2011 . State law requires rabies vaccinations (shots) for all cats… Keep in mind that during the vaccination visit, your cat is also receiving a good physical examination, and this is necessary to keep … Depending which state you live in the laws may differ regarding this vaccine. Last edited: Jun 20, 2012. A vaccine is a substance created to incite an immune response for a particular disease.  It needs to be given multiple times to a kitten to initiate his immune system.Â, Address 17532 Hwy 2 WestTrenton, Ontario K8V 5P7 Contact E: info@hillcrestanimalhospital.ca T: 613.394.4811 F: 613.394.6239. After that, they’ll only need annual boosters. In the past, pets were vaccinated annually, but in recent years pet owners have questioned whether this is really necessary. While most small animal practices in Ontario are using a three year rabies vaccine (most are using Imrab 3 by Rhone Merieux), they are administering it on a yearly basis. Many veterinarians these days carry 3-year vaccines of both the FVRCP and Rabies. However, that’s not the reason for a Rabies vaccination. . Rabies is 100% fatal in affected animals and animals who have it can act in unpredictable ways. Overview Recently I heard someone mention that “rabies is extinct and no longer exists.” Unfortunately, as much as we would love for that to be true, it just isn’t. Rabies titers are expensive with a vet quoting $250. Do they really need to be vaccinated for rabies?”. The level of risk depends on factors such as whether the dog has had a Rabies vaccination, as well as where and how often you walk your dog. All dogs, cats and ferrets above the age of three months are required by the Rabies Immunization Regulation under the Health Protection and Promotion Act to be vaccinated for rabies. A common misconception is that indoor cats are not required to maintain updated vaccines as they do not have exposure to the outdoors or other animals.. A common misconception is that indoor cats are not required to maintain updated vaccines as they do not have exposure to the outdoors or other animals.. Yearly vaccinations are a MUST if your cat goes outside, even if they are in a fenced-in area. Have you welcomed a new furry family member to your home? Do indoor cats really need vaccines? I don't know if Florida requires the rabies vaccine, but if it does, I will not ask for a waiver for any cat that has no adverse reaction to it. Some other important things to remember are: Kittens will get vaccinations at 8 weeks, 12 weeks and 16 weeks, then annually. Magically in 1989 a law was passed mandating rabies vaccination, tags and licenses for all cats. Even with our best efforts, wildlife can sometimes find their way inside. That is why it is essential that we keep our pets protected with consistent rabies vaccines. Check with your cat’s veterinary office to see exactly which of your cats are due for vaccinations, and see if you need vaccines for indoor cats. . Rabies affects a variety of animals, including: Your pet can contract the virus by eating the flesh or excrement of an infected animal, drinking from the same water bowl or simply frequenting the same area and coming into contact with saliva. The Ontario Veterinary Medical association recommends that dogs and cats get vaccinated at the age of three months, and then again by the date specified on the vaccine package. The timing for the rabies vaccine from Merial’s: For healthy cats 12 weeks or older use the PUREVAX Feline Rabies 3 YR, then a 1-year booster, followed by a vaccination every 3 years. Most states require that cats be vaccinated against rabies. Our cats have always been indoors only and always get a rabies vaccine. Among the 149 Ontario cases, 1 of those positives was a cat, with the most cases coming from raccoons, skunks, and bats. Rabies is a viral disease typically found in wild animals—most commonly raccoons, bats, skunks and foxes. There are no exceptions made for animals who live inside. - Your dedicated team at Hillcrest Animal Hospital. Therefore, I would prefer to wait until the kitten is at least 16 weeks of age before receiving a PureVax rabies vaccine. In most parts of Ontario, your cat or dog must be vaccinated for rabies as soon as it is 3 months old and must be kept up-to-date for its entire life. physical contact with wild animals such as raccoons and skunks, 4 Reasons Why Pet Vaccinations Still Matter, 3 Ways to Identify Intestinal Parasites in Dogs And Cats. These handbooks contain the basic information you need to successfully integrate a new pet into your family, and ensure that it lives a happy and healthy life. What Pet Owners Need to Know About Rabies Vaccinations in New York State (Effective November 20, 2002, this information sheet must be provided by pet dealers to consumers upon point of sale of cats, d ogs, and ferrets.) Some viruses can be carried into your home on inanimate objects such as shoes and clothing, therefore infecting your cat without her coming into contact with another animal. Not only that, vaccinations cost considerably less than the treatments available for the diseases pets are normally vaccinated against. A friend and I conducted a random telephone survey of veterinary clinics in Toronto and the surrounding areas. In some cases, animals – especially cats – with risks of auto-immune conditions may be better off not being vaccinated, but only your veterinarian can help you to determine if that’s the case. This is usually one year later, and it acts as a booster. The vaccine … So no, you are not a terrible person if you don’t want to vaccinate your indoor-only cat annually. Up to 30% of confirmed cases of Rabies in Ontario are found in skunks and bats, while up to 6% of cases are found in dogs and 2.5% in cats. How often do cats need rabies shots? Up to 30% of confirmed cases of Rabies in Ontario are found in skunks and bats, while up to 6% of cases are found in dogs and 2.5% in cats. Unless you live in an impregnable compound sealed off hermetically from all contact with the outside world, yes. Last year, in 2017, there were 149 positive cases of rabies in Ontario alone, with 90 other positive cases throughout the rest of the country. Livestock such as cattle, horses, sheep, goats and pigs, Domestic pets such as dogs, cats and ferrets. Both indoor and outdoor cats are at risk for contracting rabies. If the cat is not up to date on their rabies vaccine, they must be quarantined for 10 days to observe for symptoms of rabies. Then they must be boostered a year latyer.. A vaccination is a preparation of microorganisms (pathogens), such as viruses or bacteria, that is administered to produce or increase immunity to a particular disease. Answer: Even though your cat may not go outside, that doesn’t mean that the outside can’t still come in. Any bites are required to be reported to the health unit. Note that both prices include vet consultation fees. I hear you – your cat is an indoor cat. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) states, “All dogs, cats, and ferrets should be vaccinated and revaccinated for rabies according to product label directions.” Period. Rabies vaccination is an important and required vaccine for all cats. § 3.2-6521. . If the bat has been captured, do not crush the bat or throw it away, as intact bats can be tested for rabies, which can help you avoid post exposure rabies shots. What vaccines do kittens need? This means the cat should have all core and non-core vaccines. Then one afternoon in April, a bat came into the Hermans’ enclosed patio. A. Suggested Articles Feline Vaccines: Benefits and Risks Q: My vet tells me that my indoor-only cat, Izzy, needs … Your indoor cat is at a very low risk of contracting rabies but your local jurisdiction may require a current rabies vaccine certification. Your… Even if you don’t, treatment for a possible Rabies infection involves a course of immunization to prevent the disease from developing to the point that symptoms appear, after which it may be too late to save the patient. Vaccinations help protect your pet from a number of potentially serious and even fatal diseases, like rabies. Risk Assessment. In fact, rabies vaccinations are required by law in all felines. Thank you for your patience and understanding and we look forward to seeing you and your furry family members again! Why does an indoor cat need a rabies shot and vaccinations? According to the CDC, raccoons have a higher incidence of rabies than other wild animals, however bites from bats are the most frequent cause of people contracting the rabies virus. Outdoor cats are more likely to be exposed to the virus, but indoor cats also are vaccinated due to the disease’s severity and the risk infected-cats pose to people. Not only are there different schedules and needed vaccines for cats and kittens, but there are also some extra vaccines for different lifestyles. Even if you’re positive that your house is completely wildlife proof, accidents still happen. WE CAN NOW SEE ALL CASES BY APPOINTMENT ONLY. Any cat that ventures outside should be vaccinated in full. Don't assume that your cat doesn't need at least some vaccines just because he doesn't go outside. These shots include rabies, distemper, and upper respiratory infection. This protects your pet for the next three years, and although many veterinarians still practice annual vaccination for Rabies, it is not actually required by law or the manufacturers of the vaccine. Wishing you a happy and healthy holiday season! From 1964 to 1989 there were no cases of rabies in cats in Pinellas County. Same tired worn out excuses were used. The virus then spreads to the salivary glands and mixes with the saliva in the mouth of the carrier. ". It can spread from animals to humans and has killed 24 Canadians since 1924 when record-keeping began. The AAFP does not recommend the Leukemia vaccine for indoor only cats beyond the kitten shots, so that’s an easy decision. With recent changes to restrictions on businesses, we are pleased to advise that effective May 19, 2020 the restrictions on veterinary practices have been lifted. Throughout Canada, there are many more positive cases that involve dogs, cows, and arctic foxes. Keeping your pet’s Rabies vaccination updated is vitally important everywhere in Ontario, and many places such as dog groomers and pet sitters won’t accept animals without proof of a Rabies vaccination. However, any mammal can become infected if they are exposed. Up to 30% of confirmed cases of Rabies in Ontario are found in skunks and bats, while up to 6% of cases are found in dogs and 2.5% in cats. However, there is no evidence that annual booster vaccination is anything but beneficial to the majority of cats. The real reason why you need to get your pet vaccinated is because once it is contracted, the disease is incredibly devastating. Even cats that spend 100% of their time indoors should be vaccinated. It also protects other pets in your neighborhood. So from the sounds of it, it’s not that easy or common for Canadian domestic cats and dogs to catch Rabies. After your pet is vaccinated the first time, it must get a booster shot within 1 year of the date they were vaccinated. Yes. Read about nutrition, exercise, vaccinations, spaying and neutering, common … By the time she reaches eight weeks old, your kitten should see the veterinarian to begin a series of vaccinations. It is also a common route of exposure for people here in North America. All cats that are outdoors in an enclosed yard and that do not wander off their owner’s property but could be exposed to rabid animals and to diseased cats do, of course, need … At a bare minimum, your cat may need a rabies shot … It also depends on whether he walks off-lead or on-lead only so you can monitor anything he ingests, and whether there’s ever a risk of physical contact with wild animals such as raccoons and skunks. They figured the vaccinations weren’t necessary because the cats stayed indoors and lived in a region where rabies isn’t much of a problem. questions in regards to rabies and your pet contact us at the office, What you need to know about kitten vaccinations, What you need to know about puppy vaccinations, Would You Know the Difference - Online Ordering Precautions. 24 Canadians since 1924 when record-keeping began to begin a series of vaccinations vaccine for cats…... 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