GALATIANS 4:4-7 Page 2 THE FULLNESS OF TIME An even greater factor unifying the diverse regions of the empire was the all-pervasive language and culture of the Greeks. They will never more be servants, but whose spirit, state, and case, are vastly different from those of Such as are the According to Roman law, all the children, sons and daughters, inherited alike. A change from a temporal relationship to an … Wherefore thou art no more a servant (n) T. Hieros. Salem Media Group. Galatians 4:1–7 Sons and Heirs 4 I mean that the heir, as long as he is a child, is no different from a slave, 1 though he is the owner of everything, 2 but he is … This corresponds to the customs of the time, when even wealthy children lived under the control of teachers and guardians. No more.—Since the coming of Christ, and your own acceptance of Christianity. Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son. The figure is based upon Roman, not upon Jewish, law. they shall enjoy it. particularly from the law, and that spirit of bondage which it The law was our guardian (Galatians 3:24-25), to watch over us when we were still “children.” The law’s effect on our corrupt nature was to bring us into bondage under the elements of the world. Bondservant. He is instead “a son”, that is, a full-grown adult son who … The deeper meaning of Galatians 4:4 is that Jesus Christ came into being through the divine miracle in which God the Father caused Mary to conceive by the Holy Spirit. See on Matthew 20:26; see on Mark 9:35; see on Romans 1:1. brought upon them, which is chiefly designed; and from which they Romans 8:17. Galatians 4 continues that idea, showing how Christ's arrival signaled the moment all people could receive the inheritance with Him and be adopted as God's children. Beth will be going away to college. so is their heirship and inheritance; their inheritance is in his Because of Paul’s stern words the Galatians were rebuffed. —That which was predetermined in the counsels of God as the right and proper time when the whole course of previous preparation both for Jew and Gentile was complete. Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. Nechalot, c. 4. sect. (m) Misn. It is a change from ignorance to knowledge. He speaks sharply of the opponents (Gal 4:17–18) and pastorally to the Galatians (Gal 4:19–20). Thou art no more - You who are Christians. sonship; they may indeed judge themselves unworthy to be called 4 but when the completion of the time came, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born a subject of the Law,. Mydbe, Compiled & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Commentary on Galatians 4:1-7 (Read Galatians 4:1-7) The apostle deals plainly with those who urged the law of Moses together with the gospel of Christ, and endeavoured to bring believers under its bondage. Rather therefore reference is had to a tradition (m) of theirs, that, "a servant, who is carried captive, when others redeemed him, if under the notion of a servant, or in order to be one, he becomes a servant; but if under the notion of a freeman, , "he is no more a servant".''. salvation, and a kingdom and glory; and shall inherit all things, Friday evening we will attend what has been traditionally called “commencement exercises.” The term “commencement” focuses on the fact of beginning, not of conclusion, and indicates that a whole new world lays ahead for the high school graduate. Galatians 4:7. act to put any among the children, and none can put them out; the And if a son, then an heir of God through Christ; which is another benefit arising from adoption. the blessings of grace and glory, of righteousness, of life, of 5. (1587 Geneva Bible) Wherefore, thou art no more a seruant, but a sonne: now if thou be a sone, thou art also the heire of God through Christ. And if a son, then an heir of God through The very learned Mr. Selden (i) thinks the apostle alludes to a custom among the Jews, who allowed only freemen, and not servants and handmaids, to call any Abba, Father such an one, or "Imma", Mother such an one: but this seems to proceed upon a mistaken sense, and rendering of a passage in the Talmud (k), which is as follows, ; which he thus renders, "neither servants nor handmaids use this kind of appellation, Abba", or "Father such an one", and "Imma", or "Mother such an one"; whereas it should be rendered, "servants and handmaids, they do not call them Abba, Father such an one", and "Imma, Mother such an one"; this is clear from what follows. . Galatians 4:7dropdownNew International Versiondropdown. witnesses, abides as such. He that is once a son, is always so, and no more Paul appeals to past ties between the Galatians and himself. (Galatians 4:4-5, NIV) heir—confirming Ga 3:29; compare Ro 8:17. but a son; whose spirit, state, and case, are vastly different from those of a servant: the servant has not that interest in his master's affections as the son has; nor that liberty of access to him; nor is he fed and clothed as he is, or shares in the same privileges he does; nor is his obedience performed in the same free generous manner, from a principle of love and gratitude, but in a servile and mercenary way; and though he may expect his wages, he cannot hope for the inheritance; nor does he always abide in the house as the son does. Galatians 4:7 Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. "used to call their servants and their handmaids Father Tabi, and always sons. as the son does. John 1:12 "But as many as received Him, Jesus Christ, to them gave He the power to become sons of God, even to them that believe on His name." and the Ethiopic version only, "an heir of God". rendered, "servants and handmaids, they do not call them Abba, 2. children of God, they are heirs of God himself; he is their and mercenary way; and though he may expect his wages, he cannot And if a son ... - Entitled to all the privileges of a son, and of course to be regarded as an heir through the Redeemer, and with him. of Here we have a very clear expression of the conception of religion as progressive, divided into periods, and finding its culmination in Christianity. Thus the Roman law furnished a more truthful illustration of the privileges of Christians. the former servile spirit, the spirit of a servant, but a son; declared to be the sons of God under the witnessings of the Gittin, c. 4. sect. Sheviith, fol. Semachet, c. 1. sect. This week our daughter Beth graduates from high school, an event which marks the conclusion of a long and wearying process of education, both for our daughter and for us as parents. The Christian is admitted as an heir, not through any merits of his own, but through the process of redemption and adoption wrought for him by God. captivity of Satan, from the slavery of the world, and Beracot, fol. Comp. Galatians 4:1–7 paints the picture of the heir of a wealthy son, who remains without freedom himself until he actually receives his inheritance. Massech. A. I am a son of God. Galatians 4:8 Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods. way, and all his promises belong to them; they are heirs of all 7 and so you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then an heir, by God's own act. This language is unusual, and many variations are found in MSS. Rather therefore reference is had to a tradition (4) The fulness of the time. the sons of God, and may be in such frames of soul as to and versions, amidst them the Received Text Θεοῦ διὰ Χριστοῦ, but there can be little question on MS. evidence that the above is the genuine text. The third reason for the deteriorating relationship between Paul and the Galatians was to be found in the Galatians themselves. Paul was not as harsh to the Galatians, but he did make it clear that they were foolish to have believed such teaching (cf. (Galatians 3:28, NIV) "If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise." This is a benefit resulting from adoption, and the manifestation of it to the children of God, and supposes them to have been formerly servants; as whilst in a natural state they were the servants of sin, the vassals of Satan, slaves to the world, and the lusts of it, and in bondage to the law; As we move into chapter 4, however, we begin to see the apostle's care and concern for the Galatian believers to break through. conclude, at least fear, they are not; but still the relation (ESV) The change from the plural of v. 6 to the singular of v. 7 brings the argument home to the individual reader . (i) De Successionibus ad Leg. This combines on behalf of man, the whole before-mentioned agency, of THE Trinity: the Father sent His Son and the Spirit; the Son has freed us from the law; the Spirit has completed our sonship. He that is once a son, is always so, and no more a servant: predestination to sonship is immutable; it is God's act to put any among the children, and none can put them out; the covenant of grace, in which this blessing is secured, is unalterable; union with Christ, the Son of God, on which it is founded, is indissoluble; the spirit of adoption, wherever he witnesses, abides as such. founded, is indissoluble; the spirit of adoption, wherever he d. Spirit, they are freed from the servitude of sin, from the Father such an one", and "Imma, Mother such an one"; this is Galatians 4:7 (KJV) Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. Of God through Christ.—The true reading here appears to be, through God—a somewhat unusual expression. 3:18, 29). if a son, then an heir of God through Christ: Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son, from the controlling power of a sinful nature, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. and all "through Christ": he is the grand heir of all things; Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 37. Galatians 4:7. * [4:12–20] A strongly personal section. Mother Tabitha"; which were the names of the servant and handmaid A preacher might help hearers envision the difference it makes in daily life to know that we are children of God purely by God’s grace and not by our adherence to the … See the sentiment here expressed explained in the the note at Romans 8:17. thou—individualizing and applying the truth to each. Vid. 2. All rights reserved. In Christ we are children of God and full heirs with him to all that God has promised (4:7; cf. which in a spiritual sense is true of all that are redeemed by Christ, and through that redemption receive the adoption of children, and is what the apostle here means. "The Family of "R. Gamaliel" used to call them Father such an one, and Mother such an one"; which in the other Talmud (l) is, "the family of" R. Gamaliel "used to call their servants and their handmaids Father Tabi, and Mother Tabitha"; which were the names of the servant and handmaid of Gamaliel. "The Family of "R. Gamaliel" used to Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Galatians 4:4-7. the lusts of it, and in bondage to the law; but now being 7 So you are no longer a slave, but God’s child; and since you are his child, God has made you also an heir. God grants in answer to them who cry, `` Abba, Father. `` Smith... To sonship ye knew not God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no.! 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