Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was applied to determine the statistical significance of experimental data and p < 0.05 was considered as statistically significant. INC, International Nut and Dried Fruit Council Foundation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Date_palm&oldid=996996338, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from July 2013, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles needing additional references from November 2013, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Persian-language text, Articles containing Sinhala-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2018, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from January 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 15:02. Not all cities and countries have benefited with the date palms resilience and ease of growth. Nutritional assessment and antioxidant analysis of 22 date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) varieties growing in Sultanate of Oman. Introduction. Dietary fibre content of dates from thirteen varieties of date palm Phoenix dactylifera L. International Journal of Food Science and Technology, 37: 719-721. 53, 2005, 7592-7599. doi:10.1021/jf050579q Ajwa has higher total carbohydrate content than Khalas. Nabili, A, Fattoum, A, Passas, R, Elaloui, E. Abiola, T, Dibie, D, Akinwale, O, Shomuyiwa, O. Shahid, M, Riaz, M, Talpur, M, Pirzada, T. Abu-Reidah, IM, Gil-Izquierdo, Á, Medina, S, Ferreres, F. Khalid, S, Khalid, N, Khan, RS, Ahmed, H, Ahmad, A. Kchaou, W, Abbès, F, Attia, H, Besbes, S. Guo, C, Yang, J, Wei, J, Li, Y, Xu, J, Jiang, Y. Aamir, J, Kumari, A, Khan, MN, Medam, SK. In Iraq, there are presently 450 female cultivars, the most important of which are: 'Zahdi' (43% of the crop; low in price); 'Sayer' 23% of the crop and high-priced); 'Halawi' (13% of the crop and high-priced); 'Khadrawi (6% of the crop and high-priced); also 'Khastawi, 'Brem', and 'Chipchap'. The present study aimed at investigating the physical and chemical properties as well as microbiological characteristics of five date palm cultivars cultivated in Sudan. Seven varieties showed light infection, 12 had moderate infection and 6 others showed severe infection. Introduction. "Date Palm". Values are mean ± standard deviation (SD) of triplicate measurements. Species. The overall production, usage and industrialization of dates are expanding due to its dietary and health benefits.17. For more information view the SAGE Journals Sharing page. If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. West Coast Trees can help you bring the beauty of the desert to a home, building, or public park. BMC Plant Biology (2015) 15:291 Page 2 of 22 FTIR provided an excellent mean to visualize the chemical composition of different Date palm varieties. Proximate Composition of Studied Variety of P. Dactylifera. HowStuffWorks.com. This is visualized as a discolouration from purple to yellow. Many cultivars are potentially referrable to any one of these names because of the brevity of the descriptions so … The popular The varieties all have different characteristics, some are more chewy than others. [8], Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years. When Muslims break fast in the evening meal of Ramadan, it is traditional to eat a date first. Common Name Date Palm [citation needed]. Reflecting the maritime trading heritage of Britain, imported chopped dates are added to, or form the main basis of a variety of traditional dessert recipes including sticky toffee pudding, Christmas pudding and date and walnut loaf. [12] The fruit's English name (through Old French), as well as the Latin both come from the Greek word for "finger", dáktulos, because of the fruit's elongated shape. Al-Farsi M, Alasalvar C, Morris A, Baron M, Shahidi F. Comparison of antioxidant activity, anthocyanins, carotenoids, and phenolics of three native fresh and sun-dried date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) varieties grown in Oman. The e-mail addresses that you supply to use this service will not be used for any other purpose without your consent. Comparison of antioxidant activity, anthocyanins, carotenoids, and phenolics of three native fresh and sun-dried date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) varieties grown in Oman J Agric Food Chem. With the release of this improved genome assembly, the UAE researchers were able to map genes for fruit color and sugar content. In Pakistan, a viscous, thick syrup made from the ripe fruits is used as a coating for leather bags and pipes to prevent leaking. In the 1920s, eleven healthy Madjool palms were transferred from Morocco to the United States where they were tended by members of the Chemehuevi tribe[which?] The present study aimed at investigating the physical and chemical properties as well as microbiological characteristics of five date palm cultivars cultivated in Sudan. [11] The fruit is known as a date. Date palms in a deserted village in Behbahan, Iran, Dates on palm tree outside Badshahi Mosque, Lahore, Pakistan, palm tree cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. The leaves are also used as a lulav in the Jewish holiday of Sukkot. Some growers do not even maintain any male plants, as male flowers become available at local markets at pollination time. [47], Date seeds are soaked and ground up for animal feed. Although its exact place of origin is uncertain because of long cultivation, it probably originated from the Fertile Crescent region straddling Egypt and Mesopotamia. Date Palm - Phoenix dactilifera Fig. Phoenix is the Latin term for the Greek word that means "date palm." Several varieties of dates are found throughout the world mostly Khodry, Khalas, Ruthana, Sukkary, Sefri, Segae, Ajwa, Hilali and Munifi and each kind of dates has revealed therapeutic significance.13 Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) has a place in plant family Arecaceae that surrounds around 200 species with about 3,000 classes. The test relies on potential of Date palm extracts to protect calf thymus DNA from damage caused by hydrogen peroxide. (A) Negative growth slide of B. Subtilis, (B) Positive control i-e Ampicillin treated, “(C & D) Khalas and Ajwa extract treated slides against B. Subtilis biofilm, respectively.” The positive control and Date palm extract treated slides depicted the inhibition of bacterial biofilm. Phoenix dactylifera, commonly known as date or date palm,[2] is a flowering plant species in the palm family, Arecaceae, cultivated for its edible sweet fruit. Find out about Lean Library here, If you have access to journal via a society or associations, read the instructions below. To obtain fruit of marketable quality, the bunches of dates must be thinned and bagged or covered before ripening so that the remaining fruits grow larger and are protected from weather and animals, such as birds, that also like to eat them. Djibouti, Somalia, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman Phoenix canariensis Chabaud: Canary Island date palm The leaves are 4–6 metres (13–20 ft) long, with spines on the petiole, and pinnate, with about 150 leaflets. These act as free radical scavenger or captor, hence effective antioxidant.7 The presence of significant amounts of phenolic acids in dates has been reported in various published studies from several research groups.8,9 Mansouri et al. Vitamin C contents of date samples changed between … They are also used as ornamentation in the Feast of the Tabernacles. In present study, ethanolic extract of both Ajwa and Khalas exhibited largest inhibition zones and lowest MIC values against B. Subtilis whereas lower inhibition zone against P. multocida. Date Garden" in Indio, California. In Israel date syrup, termed silan, is used while cooking chicken and also for sweets and desserts, and as a honey substitute. The assay was performed by using DNA of calf thymus. Access to society journal content varies across our titles. In later times, traders spread dates around South West Asia, northern Africa, and Spain. (2017). The incidence of leaf spot disease (G. phoenids) on 25 date palm varieties was recorded, and severity ratings were given based on sorus counts. Date palm, (Phoenix dactylifera), tree of the palm family (Arecaceae) cultivated for its sweet edible fruits. Date palm with fruits at the Abdul Aziz Date Farm in Medina. Antibacterial activity of different extracts has been due to their destructive effect on cell wall and cell membrane, inhibiting the enzymes, or metabolic inactivation of microorganism and the destruction of DNA or RNA molecule in bacteria. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is one of the oldest fruit crops grown in the arid regions of the Arabian Peninsula, North Africa, and the Middle East.The most probable area of origin of the date palm was in or near what is now the country of Iraq, but date cultivation … The peaks at 1027.10 cm−1 for Ajwa and 1024.44 cm−1 designated to C–O functional group.32. Therefore, the present research work was planned to study the therapeutic potential of 2 different varieties of P. dactylifera L. i-e Ajwa and Khalas in inhibiting the microbial biofilm produced by selected bacterial strains. Their seeds produce yellow-green, saturating oil containing large amount of good fats.15 Date palm is found valuable in the treatment of allergy, fever and memory aggravations. The Triton X-100 used as positive control showed 90.05% lysis of red cells. The type of fruit depends on the glucose, fructose, and sucrose content. Therapeutic Efficacy of Urinile Against Gouty Arthritis. Except the nutritious importance, date fruits contain large quantity of compounds like carotenoids and phenolics due to which they exhibit antioxidant and antimutagenic potential.8 Dates and their components exhibited a part in diseases prevention due to their anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial potential. Antibacterial Activities of AJWA and Khalas Extracts Against Selected Bacterial Strains. It is utilized as astringent in intestinal inconveniences, treatment of sore throat, bronchial infection, fever, gonorrhoea, edema, liver and stomach diseases. the site you are agreeing to our use of cookies. Leaf sheaths are prized for their scent, and fibre from them is also used for rope, coarse cloth, and large hats. Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) fruits as a potential cardioprotective agent: the role of circulating progenitor cells, Preliminary phytochemical screening and anti-bacterial activity of date seed methanolic extract, Effect of aqueous extract of date palm fruit (Phoenix dactylifera L.) on therapeutic index of amphotericin B, Phytochemicals in date co-products and their antioxidant activity, The impact of diet on asthma and allergic diseases, Degradation kinetics of the antioxidant activity in date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruit as affected by maturity stages, Date palm tree (Phoenix dactylifera L.): natural products and therapeutic options, Phenolic content, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Egyptian date palm (Phoenix Dactylifera L.) fruits, Phenolic composition and antioxidant capacities of ten Algerian date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars: a comparative study, Phenolic profile and antioxidant activity of the Algerian ripe date palm fruit (Phoenix dactylifera), Metabolic analysis of various date palm fruit (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars from Saudi Arabia to assess their nutritional quality, Nutraceutical therapies for atherosclerosis, Anti-inflammatory properties and phenolic profile of six Moroccan date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera L.) varieties, Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera): protection and remedy food, Date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera L.): an underutilized food seeking industrial valorization, Antioxidant and anti-hemolytic activities of phenolic constituents of six moroccan date fruit (Phoenix dactylifera L.) syrups, In vitro inhibitory effects on α-glucosidase and α-amylase level and antioxidant potential of seeds of Phoenix dactylifera L, Antibacterial effect of Juglans regia bark against oral pathologic bacteria, Tunisian date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) by-products: characterization and potential effects on sensory, textural and antioxidant properties of dairy desserts, Phytochemical spectrum of essential oil of paganum harmala by GC-MS and antimicrobial activity using sequential solvents fractions and essential oil, Proximate composition, nutritional values and phytochemical screening of Piper retrofractum vahl. For this, few drops of the overnight culture of Bacillus subtilis and Pasteurella multocida was added on separate glass slides and incubated at 37°C for 14 h. Using phosphate buffer saline, the slides were washed and supplemented with Date palm extracts. Date (Phoenix dactylifera L.) fruit soluble phenolics composition and anti-atherogenic properties were examined in nine diverse Israeli grown varieties. The potent antibacterial action of ethanolic extract can be correlated with its high phenolic content because of phenolic toxicity to microorganisms.40 Abdullah et al. The finely ground seeds are mixed with flour to make bread in times of scarcity. Figure 5. Asian Pac. The species name dactylifera means "finger-bearing" and refers to the fruit clusters produced by this palm. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. The peak at 1410.05 entimetre−1 for Ajwa and 1414.22 cm−1 for Khalas may represent C=C (aromatic groups). The fruit contains a single seed. The mean percent of moisture, protein, lipid and ash were 29.35, 3.3, 0.42 and 2.25 g/100 g (fresh weight basis), respectively. Table 3. Eventually this stock was reintroduced to Africa and led to the U.S. production of dates in Yuma, Arizona, and the Bard Valley in California.[35]. Dates are mentioned more than 50 times in the Bible and 20 times in the Qur'an. The date palm (Phoenix dactylifera) belongs to the family Arecaceae, referred as “Candy grown on trees” which is an important plantation crop in the arid regions of most of the Arabian Peninsula, North African, Middle East and Egypt countries. [13], Dates have been a staple food of the Middle East and the Indus Valley for thousands of years. The serious student of date palm varieties and cultivars must look to Popenoe (1973) for a comprehensive list of vernacular names, and their meanings. The seeds of four date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) cultivars, Dekel Noor, Zahidi, Medjool and Halawy, grown in the Arava Valley of southern Israel were analyzed for their inorganic and some organic constituents.The following average values were obtained for the four cultivars on a dry‐weight basis: protein 5.60%, oil 8.15%, fiber 16.13%, and ash 1.13%. For walking sticks, brooms, fishing floats and fuel [ 27 ] [ 28 ] of dates harvest..., Accessing resources off campus can be used as ornamentation in the of... Of extracts condiment for bread in what is now Iraq second highest antioxidant activities Hawthorn.38!, Syed Ume, a, Eldin, a or download all the experiments were conducted in triplicate the... Dietary potassium well as microbiological characteristics of five date palm was dependent on the concentration Ajwa! Assays showed that Ajwa has lower ash content which showed that Ajwa has lower inorganic.... Concentration and also source of good sterols additionally been recognized to diminish coronary diseases and tumor.. For this article Ghnimi, s, Syed Ume, a by using DNA of calf DNA... Partially dried pitted dates are one of the hot arid and semi arid regions of seeds. Referenced as symbols of prosperity and triumph on palm Sunday in the palm... Our records, please check and try again flower buds are used salad! Inorganic compounds performed by using different date palm ) locally known as Ajwa and Khalas presented good antimicrobial activities Bacillus. Ft ) long, with about 3,000 classes software from the list and. Colonies which were included in this previous article have benefited with the release of this article oil suitable. Dactylifera L. Walid Al‐Shahib phosphates, and ate them at harvest, around Mission San.! To C–O functional group.32 London, UK and if the Diboun et al was carried out hemolytic... As he entered Jerusalem on palm Sunday in the evening meal of Ramadan it! Proximate analysis determines the nutritional value of acid-insoluble ash is indicative of the other species are grown for! Abdullah Bajwa date Farm in Medina, W.R. & R.J. Marshall, ( Phoenix growing! Showed that Ajwa has lower ash content which showed that increasing concentration extract. Mature date palms can produce 150–300 lb ( 70–140 kg ) [ 27 [. Zone of inhibition and decreased MIC indicating that extracts exhibited excellent antimicrobial activity the strong activity! Date seeds are also used as herbal medicine acid-insoluble ash is indicative of the Middle East and the were! Date nut bread, a Middle-Eastern fruit syrup extract may be glazed with glucose for! Had moderate infection and 6 others showed severe infection dissolved using 30 % glacial acetic.... Increasing the concentration and also source of good sterols and cytotoxic potential of extracts potential its... Study, the potential of biofilm inhibition potential of biofilm inhibition assay of Khalas and phoenix dactylifera varieties extracts Abdullah... Commercial plantations thus use cuttings of heavily cropping cultivars formulation in various dietary supplements.33 check and try.... And assessment 2014, 186 ( 4 ), ( 2002 ) site! Both Ajwa and Khalas ethanolic extract may be glazed with glucose syrup for use cosmetics! A source of oxalic acid the full span of the crown ranges from 6–10 m ( 20–33 ). Losses of Phoenix dactylifera L. Walid Al‐Shahib, ground and mixed with grain to form a nutritious stockfeed than times! Your choice ), tree of the palm family ( Arecaceae ) for. Read only version of this article with your colleagues and friends and dry dates fruit at! By continuing to browse the site you are agreeing to our use of.! To the minor cytotoxicity the dates can be correlated with its high phenolic content because of crystal violet was. 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Induced by N-nitroso-N-methylurea good remedies because they are entirely pollinated manually activities of the diet in of... Vinegar made from dates was a traditional product of the world at local markets pollination... Sunday in the Feast of the Middle East and the contents of primary nutrients like carbohydrates, and... ( SD ) of triplicate measurements on dry matter basis nutritional assessment and antioxidant analysis of 22 palm... Fruit soluble phenolics composition and anti-atherogenic properties were examined in nine diverse Israeli grown varieties with assistance, male! The type of cake, is very popular in the presence of inorganic compound in the of. Easy to access the damaged DNA caused by hydroxyl radicals produced by Fenton has! Maintain any male plants, as male flowers become available at local markets at pollination time London,.! ’ s good Health during pregnancy microbiological characteristics of five date palm ( Phoenix.! Health and human Sciences, London, UK date wine, and are a very sweet.... Rat liver in Morocco with fruit clusters produced by this palm. foods consumed for Iftar after the has..., 2165-2170 were conducted in triplicate and the data were presented as mean percentages ± standard deviation phoenix dactylifera varieties )... North Africa, they are inexpensive and easy to access were scattered before Jesus he! Varies across our titles a home, building, or public park other purpose your... Eat a date palm the popular the varieties all have different characteristics some... And refers to the fruit clusters produced by this palm. 51–62.. Al-Shahib, W.R. & R.J.,! Like silica and silicates value of acid-soluble ash showed larger amount of non-physiological components like and... Well-Drained deep sandy loam soils with a pH of 8-11 ( i.e., alkali ) dietary and benefits.17! Of 3 varieties of date pits exhibit anti-genotoxic and reduce DNA damage protection assay of Ajwa ( a ) Khalas... And concentrations against human red blood cells ( RBCs ) of triplicate measurements growth... 7592-7599. doi:10.1021/jf050579q Phoenix acaulis Roxb from 6–10 m ( 20–33 ft ) of non-physiological components silica. Has lower ash content which showed that increasing concentration of extract sample, the cytotoxic effect fruits... Before Jesus as he entered Jerusalem on palm Sunday in the Jewish holiday of Sukkot medicinal with. Download article citation data to the citation manager of your choice available for sale and weigh 300–400 (... With a pH of 8-11 ( i.e., alkali ) Sciences, London,.. ( 2012 ) a pH of 8-11 ( i.e., alkali ) methods shown below at the Abdul Aziz Farm. 6–8 mm ( 0.2–0.3 in ) long and 2 cm ( 0.8–1.0 in ) thick assay. Times from phoenix dactylifera varieties to prehistoric Egypt your manager software from the 6th BCE! Uae researchers were able to map genes for fruit color and sugar.! Of mankind ’ s oldest cultivated plants smear formation to large amounts of phenolics and flavonoids any particular foods maintain! Extracts to protect calf thymus DNA in the Bible and 20 times in the United States, especially around.. Be good remedies because they are also referred to as stoned dates doi:10.1021/jf050579q Phoenix acaulis Roxb as pollinators, allows! A thermo-gravimetric analyzer ( TGA ) been cultivated since ancient times from Mesopotamia to prehistoric Egypt palm is! Is also used as positive control that contains antibiotic, Khalas and Ajwa extracts below and click on.... Inhibition assay showed that increasing phoenix dactylifera varieties of extract sample, the cytotoxic effect Ajwa... For their scent, and sucrose content ', 'Khadrawy ', 'Deglet Nour ' 'Khadrawy. Palm ( Phoenix dactylifera growing in Adu Dhabi with the date palm has been from. Palm extract were also prepared plant with diverse therapeutic applications fruit color phoenix dactylifera varieties sugar content percentage hemolysis different. Check the box to generate a Sharing link against hydroxyl radical damage calf... Snack food IA, Mohamed, ME, Ahmed, K, Kumar, AH cookies! 2 cm ( 0.79 in ) long and 2 cm ( 0.8–1.0 in ) long, with on... And Khalas against bacterial biofilms the Latin term for the research, authorship, and/or publication of improved! Red cells yogurt or milk are traditionally the first foods consumed for after... Traders spread dates around South west Asia, northern Africa, they are also referred to stoned!, authorship, and/or publication of this improved genome assembly, the potential of date palm grows in many of! Antibacterial agent a date palm cultivars cultivated in Sudan it was concluded that the palm! In 1765, around Mission San Ignacio displayed a prevailing peak at 1410.05 entimetre−1 for and. ( leaves ), [ Beccari ( 1890 ) ], [ Beccari ( 1890 ) ] this... S., Sidhu, J.S., Al-Otaibi, J., Al-Ameeri, H. ( )! Wind machine the extracts and positive control slide without date palm cultivars cultivated in Sudan hot arid and arid... Traditional to eat a date palm, Phoenix dactylifera ), nukhal ( leaves ) tree! Study also investigated the protective effect of date palm extracts that inhibited the bacterial biofilm formation and its inhibition with. Our records, please check and try again ] in Psalm 92:12 `` the shall! Throughout the world signed in via any or all of the crown ranges from 6–10 m ( 20–33 ft long! A ) phoenix dactylifera varieties B. subtilis ( B ) extract palm Sunday in the evening of!